Coker WC, Couch J. 1928. The Gasteromycetes of the Eastern United States and Canada. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
Calostoma cinnabarina Desv.
Plate IV, Figure 30.
Sporebearing portion of the fruiting-body globose, 1-2 cm. in diameter, with a short, brown, rooting base of anastomosing strands of mycelium, 1-2 cm. high. Outer peridium double, with a thick, gelatinous outer layer and a thin, non-gelatinous, red inner one. Both layers usually break or scale off together in fragments when dry. Inner peridium at first red due to the powdery dust from the inner layer of the outer peridium, later becoming buff-colored or yellowish, fading with age, dehiscing by a red, rayed mouth. Spore sac cream-colored; spore mass whitish. Spores elliptical, 4.5-10 x 7.5-18 microns, sculptured or pitted.
Habitat: On the ground in woods.
Distribution: In the Appalachian Mountain region from Massachusetts south to Florida and west to Texas.